A multiagency delegation of U.S. officials met with their Republic of Kazakhstan counterparts in Astana on September 8-9 to advance U.S.-Kazakhstani mutual efforts to counter nuclear smuggling, a goal both countries have highlighted at the Nuclear Security Summits in Seoul and The Hague. The meeting provided an opportunity to deepen our ongoing bilateral partnership in this area under the U.S.-Kazakhstan Communiqué on Intentions to Improve Kazakhstan’s Capabilities to Combat Nuclear Smuggling, which the two countries signed in 2006. During the meeting in Astana, the sides agreed to cooperate more closely in support of Kazakhstan’s effort to develop a training curriculum on illicit trafficking at the Nuclear Security Training Center, an initiative that President Nazarbayev announced at the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul. Specifically, U.S. and Kazakhstani officials discussed how to use ongoing and proposed training opportunities at the Center to strengthen national competencies in the areas of nuclear forensics, radiation detection, and law enforcement investigations. In addition, our governments reviewed overall progress in implementing the 2006 Communiqué across a broad range of cooperative activities to work with Kazakhstan to prevent, detect, and respond to nuclear and radiological material trafficking incidents.